Agra is the city of the magnificent Taj Mahal. The
story of Agra begins much earlier than the Taj. However,
it finds mention in the epic Mahabharata when it was
called Agrabana or Paradise. Ptolemy, the famous 2nd
century AD geographer marked it on his map of the
world as Agra.
It was the Mughals who finally nurtured Agra with
the finest monuments architects could design : the
Taj Mahal of Shah Jahan, Red Fort of Akbar, Itmad-ud-Daulah
and neighboring Sikandra are but few of the many that
spangle the city, each of which stands in mute testimony
to the city's grandeur over the ages.
an educational and business centre too, is known for
its craftsmen and handicrafts. Marble and soft stone
inlay work, zari work, carpet and leather goods are
some important traditional crafts of the city.
Mahal is not just
beautiful art and fine architecture, but a memorial
to love and faith. It is a sublime experience of
the greatest love story ever told. The Taj has been
a visual delight for viewers over the ages. The
serene beauty and pristine purity of this famed
splendor leaves abiding impression on the beholder's
mind. The Taj is a joy forever and for any imaginative
visitor a rare experience.
the foreign travelers, Taj symbolizes India. Designed
like a palace and finished like a jewel. Pure, gloriously
perfect and superbly lovely. Set amidst landscaped
gardens and backed by a turquoise sky.
a jewel, the Taj sparkles in moonlight when the
semi-precious stones inlaid into the white marble
on the main mausoleum catch the glow of the moon.
Becomes soft pinkish during the dawn and as the
day fades away it reflects the fiery tints of the
setting sun. These changes, they say, depict the
different moods of a woman.
Taj Mahal is indeed a flawless gem, a timeless
wonder, the last and the greatest architectural
flowering of the Mughal period in Agra.
: Saturday to Thursday.
a radius of 3 km, on the banks of river Yamuna rises
the crescent-like Agra Fort. Designed and built by
Akbar in 1565 A.D., the fort is surrounded by a 70
foot high wall. It houses the beautiful Pearl Mosque
and numerous palaces including the Jahangiri Mahal,
Diwan-i-Khas, Diwan-i-Am, Machihi Bhawan and Moti
km. Begun by Emperor Akbar and completed by his son
Jahangir in 1613 AD, Akbar's tomb in Sikandra is a
fusion of Hindi and Muslim art and architecture which,
like the Emperor himself, characterized the era. Open
: Sunrise to sunset.
southwest of Agra lies a deserted sandstone city,
Fatehpur Sikri, the royal capital of Akbar the Great.
Fathepur Sikri is a concrete expression of the towering
personality, the ambition and the exquisite taste
of the great king.
walled city contains the mausoleum of the Sufi fakir,
Saleem Chisti who is said to have granted Akbar and
his Hindu queen Jodhabai their wish for a son. The
main entrance to Fatehpur Sikri is through the 175
feet Buland Darwaza, the highest gateway in the world.
It was built by Akbar.
Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary
The above Sanctuary is approximately 60kms from Agra
by road. The enterance fee is Rs. 200/- per person car
charges are Rs. 50/- for each car. The Timings are 6am
The two cities are approximately 55-65 kms from Agra
city. They are open from Sunrise to saunset.